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Fine 50 on December 15: The Indian market gained after the trade close

This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility.  (Infobae)
This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility. (Infobae)

Bullish day for Nice 50which ended the session on Friday, December 15 with big gains in the 1.29%till 21,456.65 points. He Nice 50 reached a maximum volume of 21,492.30 points and minimum 21,235.30 points. The trading area for Nice 50 between its highest and lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day it stood 1.2%.

If we consider the data from the last week, will Nice 50 accumulating an increase of 2.32%so since a year ago it still has an increase in 16%. and one 26.62% above its minimum rating of the current year (16,945.05 points).

A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a particular set of assets is changing.for which it collects data from different companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various nations and each of them can be integrated by companies with specific characteristics to have a similar market value or to belong to the same industry. In addition, there are some indexes that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value, or others that take into account hundreds of stocks.

Stock market index serves as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares in a company. In general, if investors lack confidence, stock prices will tend to fall.

They also work for measuring performance of an asset manager and allow investors to compare profitability and risk; measure the possibilities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully studied how company stocks tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 main railroad companies (since that was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks of other types of companies

Today there are various indices and They can be brought together based on geography, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main component is the market value of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying today’s value of the share on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.

Listed companies are obliged to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be submitted every three or six months, as applicable.

Reading a stock index also requires taking into account its variations over time. New indexes always start with a fixed value based on share prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be confusing.

If one index adds 500 points in one day while another adds only 20, it may appear that the first one did better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the second at 300, it can be inferred that the gains of the second were significant in percentage terms.

Between major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which consists of 30 companies. That too S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally coming Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial companies.

On the other hand, the most important index for Europe is Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand DAX 30, the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; that FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the stock exchange in Paris; and IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

IN Asiawe have Nikkei 225, which consists of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also SSE Composite Index, is seen as the strongest in China, consisting of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role is played Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about Latin Americayou have IPCwhich contains 35 most prestigious companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise there is MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, which consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and S&P Global 100which consists of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.

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