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Nepal: Assessment of the Early Action and Early Response of 2022 Floods – Nepal

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KEY FINDINGS

Health: There is a clear distinction in the impact of flood on people’s health and properties between the control and intervention group. 83% said they had no effect on their health in the intervention area while 57% said they suffered from psychological distress in the control area.

Properties: In the control area, 72% of respondents said they had suffered from some loss in property, in contrast 83% of respondents from the intervention area said they did not suffer from any damages.

Coping mechanism: In both groups, respondents have reported to have opted for negative coping mechanisms to recover from the flood. This included taking loans from neighbours, relatives etc., taking up extra work, migrating for work, and selling properties.

Feeling of safety: The types of relief received by the respondents and the collection mechanism can have a direct impact on the feeling of safety among them. As the majority of the respondents in the intervention group received cash at their banks, the collection and spending process was more private which could lead to their feeling of safety as only 4% reported feeling unsafe due to the relief distribution. However, 24% reported to feel unsafe in the control group where the majority reported to have received in kind relief support such as shelter and Ready to Eat food to collect which they have to stand in queue.

Early warning system: Reach of the risk messages prompting people to take early actions has increased with the use of multiple sources of communication. Compared to the control group, 13% more respondents reported having received the early warning messages in the intervention group. Also, 26% more respondents felt that they understood the messages in the intervention group than the control group.

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