Optimistic opening for Nice 50which begins the session on Thursday, December 14 with notable increases in the 0.82%till 21,104.20 points, after opening. If we compare the figure with previous dates, it will Nice 50 accumulating two consecutive sessions in increments.
Referring to the profitability for the last seven days Nice 50 observes an increase in 0.97%so that in the last year there is still an increase in 13.41%. and one 24.54% above its minimum rating of the current year (16,945.05 points).
A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a set of assets is developingso you need data from different companies or sectors in a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various nations and each of them can be integrated by companies with specific requirements to have a similar market capitalization or to belong to the same industry. In addition, there are some indices that take into account only a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that take into account hundreds of stocks.
Stock market index serves as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares in an entity. In general, if investors lack confidence, stock prices will tend to fall.
They also work for measuring performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make a comparison between return and risk; measure the possibilities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
This type of indicators began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully observed how company stocks tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 main railroad companies (since that was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks of other types of companies
Today there are various indices and They can be grouped based on geography, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main component is the market value of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying today’s value of the security on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.
Listed companies are obliged to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be submitted every three or six months, as the case may be.
Reading a stock index also means noticing its changes over time. New indices are always displayed with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can lead to inaccuracies.
If one index sees an increase of 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it may appear that the first did better. But if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the second at 300, it can be assumed that the gains of the second were percentage wise more significant.
Between major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, of which 30 companies are a part. That too S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must mention Nasdaq 100which connects 100 of the largest non-financial companies.
On the other hand, the most important index for Europe is Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. He too DAX 30, the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; that FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the stock exchange in Paris; and IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.
IN Asiawe have Nikkei 225, which consists of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also SSE Composite Index, which can be considered the most solid in China, consisting of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about the Latin American regionyou have IPCwhich contains 35 most consolidated companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise there is MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, which consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and S&P Global 100which consists of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.