Positive session for Nice 50which closed the day on Friday 27 October with nice increases of 1.01%till 19,047.25 points. He Nice 50 reached a maximum volume of 19,076.15 points and minimum 18,926.65 points. The trading area for Nice 50 between its highest and lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day it stood 0.78%.
In the last week have Nice 50 registers a decrease in 2.94% although, on the contrary, in the last year it still maintains an increase in 8.45%. He Nice 50 if one is located 5.67% below its maximum this year (20,192.35 points) and a 12.41% above its minimum rating so far this year (16,945.05 points).
A stock index is an indicator that shows how the value of a particular set of assets changesfor which it collects data from different companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various countries around the world and each of them can be integrated by companies with certain characteristics such as having a similar market value or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indexes that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value, or others that take into account hundreds of stocks.
Stock market index serves as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares in a company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices tend to fall.
They also work for measuring performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make a comparison between profitability and risk; measure the possibilities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
This type of indicators began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully analyzed how company stocks tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 main railroad companies (since that was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks of other types of companies
Today there are various indices and They can be grouped based on geographic location, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own way of calculation, but the main factor is the market value of each company that includes it. This is obtained by multiplying today’s value of the share on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.
Companies that appear on the stock market are obliged to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be submitted every three or six months, as applicable.
Reading a stock index also requires observing its performance over time. Current indices always open with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.
If one index sees an increase of 500 points in one day while another only adds 20, it may appear that the first had a better return. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the second at 300, it can be inferred that the gains for the second were percentage wise greater.
Between main stock index in the American Union There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, of which 30 companies are a part. That too S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally there appears Nasdaq 100which unites 100 of the largest non-financial companies.
On the other hand, the most notable indexes are for Europe is Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. He too DAX 30, the main German index containing the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; that FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the stock exchange in Paris; and IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.
IN the Asian continentwe have Nikkei 225, which consists of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also SSE Composite Index, which can be considered the most notable in China, consisting of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about the Latin American regionyou have IPCwhich contains 35 most influential companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the property of tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise there is MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, which consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and S&P Global 100which consists of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.