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Opening of the Indian index this December 18

This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility.  (Infobae)
This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility. (Infobae)

Day without changes for him Nice 50which opens the session on Monday, December 18 with a variation of 0.07%till 21,441.05 points, after the start of the opening session. If we compare the data with previous days, it will Nice 50 With this information, he stops the streak he had for the previous three days.

Compared to the last seven days, have Nice 50 observes an increase in 2.11%so that for years there is still an increase in 15.92%. He Nice 50 if one is located 0.07% below its maximum this year (21,456.65 points) and a 26.53% above its minimum price for the current year (16,945.05 points).

A stock index It is an indicator used to know the development of the value of a certain set of assetsso it takes data from different companies or sectors of a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the countries’ stock exchanges and each of them can be integrated by companies with different specificities such as having a similar market value or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indices that take into account only a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that take into account hundreds of stocks.

Stock market index serves as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares in a company. In general, if investors lack confidence, stock values ​​tend to fall.

They also work for measuring performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make comparisons between profitability and risk; measure the possibilities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully observed how company stocks tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 main railroad companies (since that was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks of other types of companies

Today in our economy there are various indices and They can be grouped based on geography, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of being measured, but the main component is the market value of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying today’s value of the security on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.

Listed companies are obliged to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report shall be published every three or six months, as appropriate.

Reading a stock index also requires being careful about its changes over time. Current index always starts with a fixed value based on share prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.

If one index grows 500 points in a day while another only adds 20, it may appear that the first one did better. But if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the second at 300, you can see that the gains of the second were percentage wise more remarkable.

Between major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which consists of 30 companies. That too S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally coming Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial companies.

On the other hand, the most notable indexes are for Europe is Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand DAX 30, the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; that FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the stock exchange in Paris; and IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

IN Asiawe have Nikkei 225, which consists of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also SSE Composite Index, is seen as the predominant one in China, consisting of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about the Latin American regionyou have IPCwhich contains 35 Most Powerful Companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the property of tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.

There are also other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise there is MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, which consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and S&P Global 100which consists of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.

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