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The Indian Nifty 50 market closed in negative territory on October 23

This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility.  (Infobae)
This year, the markets have recorded constant volatility. (Infobae)

bearish day for Nice 50which closed the day on Monday, October 23, with large falls 1.34%till 19,281.75 points. He Nice 50 marked the maximum number 19,556.85 points and a minimum volume of 19,257.85 points. The trading area for Nice 50 between its highest and lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day it stood 1.53%.

If we consider the data from the last week, will Nice 50 observes a decrease in 2.28% although, on the contrary, in year-on-year terms it still maintains an increase in 11.38%. He Nice 50 if one is located 4.51% below its maximum this year (20,192.35 points) and a 13.79% above its minimum rating so far this year (16,945.05 points).

A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a particular set of assets is changingso it takes data from several companies or sectors of a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various nations and each of them can be integrated by companies with specific requirements such as having a similar market value or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indexes that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value, or others that take into account hundreds of stocks.

Stock market index serves as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares in an entity. Generally, if investors lack confidence, stock prices tend to fall.

They also work for measuring performance of an asset manager and allow investors to analyze comparisons between return and risk; measure the possibilities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully observed how company stocks tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 main railroad companies (since that was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks of other types of companies

Today there are various indices and They can be grouped based on their geography, sectors, company size or also the type of assetFor example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of being measured, but the main factor is the market value of each company that includes it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.

Companies listed on the stock exchange are obliged to present a balance sheet of its composition. The report must appear every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also means noticing its changes over time. New indexes always start with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can lead to failures.

If one index gains 500 points in one day, while another gains only 20, it may appear that the first did better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the second at 300, it can be concluded that the gains for the second were percentage wise greater.

Between main stock index in the American Union There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which consists of 30 companies. Likewise is S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must not forget Nasdaq 100which connects 100 of the largest non-financial companies.

On the other hand, the most notable indexes are for Europe is Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand DAX 30, the main German index containing the most prominent companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; that FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the stock exchange in Paris; and IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

IN the Asian continentwe have Nikkei 225, which consists of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also SSE Composite Index, is seen as the predominant one in China, consisting of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role is played Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about the Latin American regionyou have IPCwhich contains 35 most outstanding companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the property of tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise there is MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, which consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and S&P Global 100which consists of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.

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